Anna Mani’s birthday: Anna Mani’s 104th birthday: Google dedicates a doodle to the Indian physicist and meteorologist

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Google, known for celebrating eminent personalities from different fields of excellence, honored Indian physicist Anna Mani on August 23. The tech giant has dedicated a special doodle to mark the 104th birth anniversary of Mani, who has been instrumental in India’s growth story through his contributions in the field. meteorological instrumentation.

Google observed the occasion with a vibrant illustration of Mani on its homepage. Mani was one of the first female scientists in India. Her work as a physicist and meteorologist paved the way for accurate weather forecasting in India.

First years

Mani was born as Anna Modayil Mani in 1918 at Peermade in Kerala. She was the seventh child among her eight siblings. Mani was known to be a voracious reader from childhood. In her youth, Mani was inspired by Gandhi’s Vaikom Satyagraha which inspired her to wear clothes only in Khadi.

Coming from an upper-class family, her brothers were groomed for high-flying careers while she and her sister were groomed for a conventional life with marriage at the center. She consumed vast volumes of Malayalam literature growing up. For many, reading opened up a whole new world of ideas and instilled in them a greater sense of justice.

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As a young scientist, Mani began his research career under Nobel Laureate CV Raman at the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. Her expertise in spectroscopy of diamonds and rubies led her to write five research articles and a thesis on them. Regardless of her detailed work, she was denied a doctorate because she did not have a master’s degree.


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Later, Mani obtained a specialization in meteorological instruments at Imperial College London. She returned to India and joined the Indian Department of Meteorology (IMD). Mani designed around 100 meteorological instruments for the production. Mani also helped set up monitoring stations across India to monitor solar radiation to harness solar energy.

Even before the world discovered the functions of the ozone layer, Mani began working on atmospheric ozone in 1960. Mani is credited with designing Ozonesode, an instrument for measuring atmospheric ozone. In addition, she was also credited for setting up a meteorological observatory at the Thumba facility. The scientist has published numerous books on solar thermal systems and is a revered figure in meteorology.

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