mercury: “mercury is rising, wheat yield could fall by 2 to 3%” | News from Meerut

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Meerut: With the mercury nearing the 40 degree Celsius mark in the first week of April in western Uttar Pradesh, the wheat crop yield could drop by 3-5% this year. The surge in mercury is about 5 degrees Celsius above normal for this time of year and is the highest in four decades.
“Rainfall in March and early April and low temperatures greatly affect wheat yield. With the mercury hovering near the 40 degree Celsius mark, which typically occurs in mid-May, wheat production will be negatively affected as grain size will be small. Yield will decrease by 3-5% this year,” said Professor RS Sengar from Department of Agriculture and Biotechnology, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, Meerut.
Sengar said the negative impact on wheat yield is also due to the late sowing of the crop. “Those who sowed wheat early will suffer less than those who sowed late,” he said. The damage, Sengar said, will not remain just limited to wheat – the production of mustard and other summer fruits will also suffer.
On Thursday, the maximum temperature recorded in Meerut was 39.4 degrees Celsius, more than 5 degrees above normal. “The minimum temperature recorded was 17.9 degrees Celsius, 2 degrees above normal. The maximum temperature could exceed 40 degrees Celsius in the next few days,” said N Subhash, senior scientist at the Department of Agriculture and Meteorology. The meteorologist maintained that the average temperature began to rise in March itself. The previous month had recorded an average temperature of 31.3 degrees Celsius, the highest in the past decade.
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