Most of Haryana and Punjab, India’s grain bowl, received excess rains between June 1 and July 22 as monsoon activity in the two states accelerated during of the last few weeks.
The monsoon accounts for about 70% of the country’s annual rainfall and irrigates 60% of its net sown area. Nearly half of India’s population depends directly or indirectly on agriculture.
According to the Meteorological Department, most districts in the two states received above-normal rains between June 1, when the monsoon season begins, and July 22.
“During this period, Punjab received 208.6mm of rain which is 24% more than the normal 168.3mm. Haryana received 17% excess rainfall of 188.7mm against normal of 161.3 mm,” a MeT department official told PTI.
He said 16 districts in Haryana and 17 in Punjab received above normal rains between June 1 and July 22. Six districts in each of the two states recorded insufficient rainfall during this period.
Chandigarh, the joint capital of the two states, received 487.1mm of rain during this period against a normal of 344mm, a 42% excess.
Prof. ML Khichar, Head of Department of Agricultural Meteorology, Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, said, “We expect good rainfall in most parts of Haryana towards the end of July.”
“The current period of monsoon rains will benefit crops in Kharif including paddy, cotton and bajra,” he said, adding that it will also reduce the demand for fuel and electricity in the agricultural sector.
Giving details of rainfall distribution in Haryana, the MeT department official said, Kaithal received 290.8mm of downpour, 104% above normal, while Fatehabad received 207.5 mm of rain, i.e. 99% more.
However, rainfall was 24% and 39% insufficient in Yamunanagar and Gurugram respectively.
In Punjab, Ferozepur recorded 238.9mm of rain, 139% above normal 100.6mm, while Faridkot received 94% above normal downpour.
Moga, however, was among the districts to receive insufficient rains. He received 56.5 mm against a normal of 109.3 mm, leaving a deficit of 48%.