Survive the heat wave with these tips to cool yourself and everyone

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India

oi-Vicky Nanjappa

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Posted: Friday April 29th 2022, 12:36 PM [IST]

Google One India News

New Delhi, April 29: With a heat wave warning issued for several parts of India, many have taken numerous precautions to beat the heat and survive heat stroke.

Three are several precautions to take during a heat wave. These could be precautions for individuals, offices, employers and even in the agricultural sector.

Survive the heat wave with these tips to cool yourself and everyone

The Department of Agricultural Meteorology has given a detailed list of do’s and don’ts for various sectors. Check out the full list of do’s and don’ts in the event of a heat wave.

To do

Essential for all

Dos and don’ts of a heat wave

  • Listen to the radio; watch television; read the newspaper for local weather news or download the mobile application related to weather information.
  • Drink enough water – even if you are not thirsty. People with epilepsy or heart, kidney or liver disease who follow a fluid-restricted diet or who have a problem with water retention should consult a doctor before increasing their fluid intake.
  • Use ORS (oral rehydration solution), homemade drinks like lassi, torani (rice water), lemon water, buttermilk, coconut water, etc. to stay hydrated.
  • Wear loose, lightweight, light-colored cotton clothing.
  • If you are outside, cover your head: use a cloth, a hat or an umbrella. Use sunglasses
    to protect your eyes and sunscreen to protect your skin.
  • Get trained in first aid.
  • Pay particular attention to the elderly, children, sick or overweight as they are
    more likely to be victims of excessive heat. (Source imdagrimet)

Employers and workers

  • Provide fresh drinking water in the workplace.
  • Provide shade clean water, buttermilk, first aid kits with ice packs
    and ORS (oral rehydration solution) for all workers.
  • Warn workers to avoid direct sunlight.
  • Schedule heavy work for the cooler hours of the day.
  • Increase the frequency and duration of breaks for outdoor activities.
  • Give new workers lighter work and shorter hours in a high heat area.
  • Pregnant women and workers with a medical condition should receive
    extra attention.
  • Notify workers of heat wave alerts. (Source imdagrimet)

Other precautions

  • Stay indoors as much as possible.
  • Traditional remedies like onion salad and raw mango with salt and cumin
    can prevent heatstroke.
  • Use fans, damp clothing, and take frequent cold water baths.
  • Offer water to vendors and delivery people who come to you or
    Office.
  • Use public transport and carpooling. This will help reduce
    warming and heat.
  • Do not burn dry leaves, agricultural residues and garbage.
  • Conserve water bodies. Practice rainwater harvesting.
  • Use energy efficient appliances, clean fuels and alternative sources of
    energy.
  • If you feel dizzy or sick, get medical help right away or have someone take
  • you to the doctor immediately. (Source imdagrimet)

For a cooler home

  • Use solar reflective white paint, cold roof technology, light and cross ventilation and heat insulation for low cost cooling. You can also keep haystacks or grow vegetation on rooftops.
  • Install temporary window reflectors such as cardboard covered with aluminum foil to reflect heat to the outside.
  • Keep your home cool, use dark colored curtains, tinted windows/shutters or sunshades and open windows at night. Try to stay on lower floors.
  • Green roofs, green walls and indoor plants reduce heat by naturally cooling the building, reducing air conditioning requirements and releasing waste heat.
  • Keep the AC temperature at 24 degrees or more. It will reduce your electricity bill and improve your health. (Source imdagrimet)

When building a new house

  • Use cavity wall technology instead of regular walls.
  • Build thick walls. They keep the interiors fresh.
  • Build lattice walls and louvered openings. They allow maximum air
    flow while blocking the heat.
  • Use natural materials like lime or mud to cover the walls.
  • Avoid glass, if possible.
  • Consult a building technology expert before construction.
  • Treatment of a person with sunstroke
  • Use a damp cloth / pour water on the victim’s head.
  • Give the person ORS to drink or lemon sarbat/torani or whatever
    useful for rehydrating the body.
  • Take the person immediately to the nearest health center.
  • If you constantly have a high body temperature, throbbing headaches,
    dizziness, weakness, nausea or disorientation in the summer, call a
    ambulance. (Source imdagrimet)

Not to do

  • Avoid exposure to the sun, especially between 12:00 p.m. and 3:00 p.m.
  • Avoid strenuous outdoor activities in the afternoon.
  • Don’t go barefoot.
  • Avoid cooking during peak hours. Open doors and windows to ventilate
    cooking zone properly.
  • Avoid alcohol, tea, coffee and soft drinks that dehydrate
    the body.
  • Avoid high protein, salty, spicy and fatty foods. Do not eat expired foods.
  • Do not leave children or pets alone in parked vehicles.
  • Avoid using incandescent bulbs which can generate unnecessary heat, just like computers or household appliances. (Source imdagrimet)

Dos and Don’ts of a Heat Wave in Agriculture

To do

  • Apply light and frequent irrigation to standing crops.
  • Increase irrigation frequency at critical growth stages.
  • Mulch with crop residues, straw, polythene or mulch the soil to
    retain soil moisture.
  • Water only in the evening or early in the morning.
  • Use sprinkler irrigation.
  • If your area is prone to heat waves – adopt windbreaks/shelters. (Source imdagrimet)

Breeding

To do

  • Keep animals in the shade and give them plenty of clean, cold water to drink.
  • Do not make them work between 11 a.m. and 4 p.m.
  • Cover the roof of the shed with straw, paint it white or coat it with manure mud to
    reduce the temperature.
  • Use fans, water spray and foggers in the shed.
  • In extreme heat, spray water and take cattle to a body of water to cool off. • Give them green grass, protein and fat bypass supplement, mineral blend and
    salt. Graze them during cooler hours.
  • Provide curtains and adequate ventilation in the coop. Not to do
  • Avoid grazing/feeding livestock during noon hours. (Source imdagrimet)

Article first published: Friday, April 29, 2022, 12:36 p.m. [IST]

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